In the opening scenes of many horror movies we see “Based on True Story”. The Conjuring, Annabelle, Wolf Creek and An American Haunting are just a few examples. There are many other movies influenced by true stories, but here are a few of my favorites.
A Nightmare On Elm Street
Wes Craven was inspired to write A Nightmare On Elm Street by a series of articles in the LA Times in 1984 about two men from South East Asia who died during severe nightmares. Soon after, another man in his early 20s and the son of a doctor, died during a nightmare. The young man’s began to avoid sleeping. His father prescribed sleeping pills but he still would not sleep. He told his family that he feared that if he went to sleep something in his dreams would kill him. After seven days the man fell asleep on the couch. His family carried him to his room and put him to bed. After a few hours the family awoke to horrible screams. Before they could make it to his room he was dead. The autopsy could not determine the cause of death. After the funeral his father opened his closet to find a coffee maker and a hidden stash of the sleeping pills they attempted to make him take.
The movie Child’s Play tells the story of a killer who uses a Voodoo ritual to possess a Good Guy doll. The true story that help create this horror classic begins with a doll. As a child writer and painter Robert Eugene Otto was under the care of a Jamaican nurse who practiced Voodoo. In 1904 the nurse gave the young man a doll. Many years later the nurse, who still worked for the family, cursed the doll. The family would find things missing and moved through out the house and would hear movement coming form the vacant room where the doll was kept along with hearing screams. The family later moved from the house and left the doll behind. The next family to move into the house found the doll and began experiencing the same phenomena.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
This brutal horror movie is based on the true life events of serial killer Ed Gein. Gein not only butchered his victims but made things from their body parts, including lampshades, covered furniture with their skin, made masks out of their faces and a belt out made of nipples. He also enjoyed digging up bodies from the local graveyard and bringing them home. It was never determined if he also cannibalized his victim. He was convicted of murdering two women, grave robbing and other charges. Did I mention he had a secret room where he kept his mummified mother? Gein’s story also inspired the movie Psycho.
The Hills Have Eyes
Wes Craven based some of the 1977 horror film on the life of Sawney Bean and his family. Sawney Bean took to living in the costal caves of Scotland with his wife and fourteen children in the 16th century. The family would ambush passerby’s, murder and eat them. After body parts began to wash up and the number of missing people sky rocketed, the near by town began to suspect the family. Eventually the entire family was rounded up and brought before the court to stand trial. The family then numbered at forty eight total members (mostly connected by incest). All 48 were convicted of the murder and cannibalism of over a thousand people and the entire family executed.
Bertino’s inspiration behind the movie came from the true events known as the “Keddie Cabin Murders”. The murders took place on April 11,1981 in Keddie California, a small resort community. The Cabins, where the murders took place, were rented to low income families. On the night of the murder a mother, her daughter, oldest son and his girlfriend were savagely attacked along with the woman’s younger son and a friend. The family was bound and gagged. The mother, oldest son, and his girlfriend were killed by being hit repeatedly with a hammer then stabbed. The two younger boys survived but their sister was kidnapped. There was no sign of forced entry and there were few clues. Three years later the daughter’s skull was found by campers. The case remains open.
A Haunting In Connecticut
A Haunting In Connecticut revolves around a teenage boy with cancer. The family rents a house so that he will be closer to the hospital where he receives treatments. The house includes a basement where a locked door hides a secret, that the house was once a funeral home. Soon the boy begins getting visions of séances performed by the previous owner who also carved spells into the bodies of the people the funeral home was supposed to care for. The movie ends with the boy discovering bodies hidden in the walls of the home. He frees the spirits by burning down the home. His cancer was cancer mysteriously disappeared.
The movie is based on the experiences of the Snedeker family, whose experiences are very close to the events in the movie. After the night of the fire he was mysteriously cured.
The Exorcist is one of the most important films in horror history. It’s only fitting that the film is based on a real event in history. In the movie Regan makes the mistake of playing with a Ouija board and is soon possessed by a demon. Two priests set out to exorcise the girl’s demons.
The movie is based on a 13 year old boy named Robbie, who experienced possession in 1948. Detailed notes were kept daily by the boy’s father and the events witnessed by over 25 people. The Robbie’s family experienced knocking, furniture moving. Witnesses saw the bed shake and levitate. People were thrown from chairs. Scratch marks would appear on boy’s body. The boy’s demons were eventually exorcised and he went on to work for NASA.
The Amityville Horror
The True story begins with the murder of the six members of the DeFeo family on November 13, 1974. The murderer, Ronald “Butch” DeFeo Jr. the oldest son of the family. Butch tried an insanity plea claiming he heard voices that told him to murder his family. He was convicted and sentenced to six life terms.
The next people to move into the house at 112 Ocean Avenue Amityville, New York was the Lutz family. The family reported supernatural experiences but have stated the events were not as nearly as severe as the ones seen in the movie.